Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (UBA) is a program launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. Since, the vision and mission of CHRIST (Deemed to be University) was in alignment with UBA’s vision and mission, it got involved in the project from 1st August 2017. It was also an opportunity for the University to involve its students and faculty in the India’s sustainable development.
Background and Need
As foreseen by Mahatma Gandhi in his seminal work, ‘Hind Swaraj’, the western developmental paradigm, based on centralized technologies and urbanization, has given rise to serious problems like increasing inequity (leading to crime and violence) and climate change due to rapid ecological degradation. To ameliorate these problems, it is necessary to promote development of rural areas in tune with Gandhian vision of self-sufficient ‘village republics’ by using local, decentralized and eco-friendly technologies so that the basic needs of food, clothing, shelter, sanitation, health care, energy, livelihood, transportation and education are locally met. This should be the vision of holistic development of villages as presently 70% of the population in India lives in rural areas engaged in agrarian economy, with agriculture and allied sector employing 51% of the total work-force but accounting for only 17% of the country’s GDP. There are huge developmental disconnects between the rural and urban sectors such as inequity in health, education, incomes and basic amenities as well as employment opportunities, all causing great discontent and large-scale migration to urban areas. The imperatives of sustainable development which are being felt more and more acutely all over the world also demand eco-friendly development of the villages and creation of appropriate employment opportunities locally. Increasing urbanization is neither sustainable nor desirable. So far, India’s higher education institutions have largely been oriented to cater to the mainstream industrial sector and, barring a few exceptions, have hardly contributed to the development of the rural sector. Unnat Bhārat Abhiyān (UBA) program is a much needed and highly challenging initiative aimed at rectifying such issues.
The conceptualization of Unnat Bharat Abhiyan program started with the initiative of a group of dedicated faculty members of Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi working for long in the area of rural development and appropriate technology. The concept was nurtured through wide consultation with the representatives of a number of technical institutions, Rural Technology Action Group (RuTAG) coordinators, voluntary organizations and government agencies, who were actively involved in rural development work, during a National workshop held at IIT Delhi in September, 2014. The workshop was sponsored by Council for Advancement of People’s Action and Rural Technology (CAPART), Ministry of Rural Development, Govt. of India. The program was formally launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) in presence of The President of India on 11th November, 2014.